Metals that would undergo cutting, bending and assembling into different sizes and shapes is said to have undergone metal fabrication. It is in a fabrication and machine shop that this job is being done, with the use of processes like forming and welding using different kinds of specialized tools.
Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. Some forms of specialization which are of higher level are named to be electrical, machine design, and hydraulics.
Metal fabrication uses several raw materials like plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. To complete the processes of metal fabrication, it would undergo several stages, from cutting and burning, to forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Metal fabrication processes are used to manufacture different machines and structures. The more famous materials that are used for metal fabrication in the creation of many industrial and consumer products like loose parts, structural frames for buildings and machines are the sheet metal and stainless steel.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Aside from the flat pieces, sheet metal is also produced in coiled strips which are usually made out of metals of aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. In decorative purposes, the use of gold, silver, and platinum are utilized for the purpose.
Other uses of sheet metal fabrication are in the construction of products like bodies of cars, materials for building, and equipment for food processing and other things.
The property of stainless steel is very strong, coming out from its varying amounts of elements like alloy of iron, chromium and other elements, thus it can resists corrosion and stain and has a very low need for maintenance. In some purposes, stainless steel is used for its complete recyclable property.
The surface finishes and grades vary in stainless steel and you can opt for these variety depending on where you will use it, and so your choices would range from brushed finish to satin, mirror and coarse finish.
Out of the very intensive process of metal fabrication would result to the production of several industrial and consumer products. Among the main applications of metal fabrication, manufacturing makes use of the sheet metal fabrication and stainless steel fabrication that we can now use in our daily lives.
The protection of metal can be your choice depending on your need and budget, and so after the metal underwent cutting, joining and welding, you can decide if you will have it powder coated or sandblasted.