Learn More About the Various Uses of Orthosis

A term that refers to the medical specialty which is more concerned with the application, design and manufacture of the device called as orthosis, is orthotics. This certain specialty of the medical field is a combination of other fields of study, such as pathophysiology, biomechanics, engineering, and anatomy and physiology. The singular form for the said device is orthosis, while orthoses is its plural form, and it can be worn or applied externally to the individual who needs it.

An orthosis is primarily manufactured and designed to modify, alter or change the structural and functional aspect of the two bodily systems, namely the neuromuscular system and the skeletal system. The common uses of the different orthoses is to restrict movement in a specified direction; to assist the movement of the bones, joint, and muscles in a general manner; to limit the movement, immobilize, control or guide the movement of a body segment, joint and extremity for a specified reason; to correct the function and the shape of the patient’s body part; to provide the patient with an easier movement capability; to reduce the pain felt by the patient; to aid rehabilitation from any fractures after a cast is removed; as well as, to reduce the weight bearing forces of the patient. The common disorders or health conditions that can gain benefits from using orthoses are spina bifida, cerebral palsy, stroke, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy, scoliosis, plantar fasciitis, polio, joint laxity or arthritis, and paralysis. The different materials used for the production of orthoses are elastic, EVA or ethylene-vinyl acetate, fabric, thermoplastics, carbon fiber and metals.

There are three various classifications of orthoses, namely the spinal orthoses, the lower-limb orthoses, and the upper-limb orthoses. Upper-limb is a term that refers to the upper extremities of a person, and the orthoses for the said body parts are designed either as a mechanical or an electromechanical device and this device is being applied to the arm or arm segments. The different examples of the upper-limb orthoses are the elbow orthoses, hand orthoses, forearm-wrist-hand orthoses, forearm-wrist orthoses, forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses, functional arm orthoses, arm orthoses, and clavicular and shoulder orthoses. The Charleston bending brace, the Milwaukee brace, and the Boston brace is the three common examples of the spinal orthoses, and it is designed for the disorder or the condition like scoliosis and fractures of the spine. Lower-limb is a term that refers to the lower extremities of a person, which includes the foot, ankle and knee. The various examples of the lower-limb orthoses are the foot orthoses, the KO or the knee orthosis, the prophylactic braces, the KAFOs or the knee-ankle-foot orthosis, and the ankle-foot orthosis.

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